Mallorca is the largest island of the Balearic Islands group, which together with Ibiza and Formentera is a Spanish autonomous community within the Spanish state. Palma de Mallorca is the capital of the Balearic Islands. The official languages are Spanish and Catalan. In addition, Mallorca is the largest island belonging to Spain.
The name comes from the Latin Mallorca: “insula maior”. In Mallorca, the Romans, founded the provincial city in the year 123 v. Chr. with the name “Palmaria”.
In 1950, the first tourists came to the island. In 1960 and 1970, the most large hotels were built with the onset of the tourism boom, Tourism has thanks to convenient flight connections since become the engine for the economy of the Balearic Islands. Son Sant Joan airport is Spain’s third largest airport, with direct flights to major European cities. The private flight operations is growing, next to Son Sant Joan smaller private aircrafts can be served at Son Bonet airport. Mallorca can be reached in just two to three hours from most of the main European capitals. The island is home to about 12 million tourists annually.
The island of Majorca has a maximum east-west distance of 98 kilometers and a north-south distance of 78 kilometers. It is 3603.7155 km², including smaller offshore islands 3622.5448 square kilometers. Mallorca in has a coastline of over 550 kilometers in length. Of the 876,147 registered inhabitants (as of 2012), 407,648 live in the capital Palma.
Mallorca has a temperate subtropical climate with an average of 7.9 hours of sunshine a day and average rainfall (1400 mm in the north, 400 mm in the south).
The short winte is mild and humid. In rare cases, however, it may also snowfall, especially in the mountains. During the summer months, it hardly rains. Temperatures inside the island can then rise up to 40 ° C.
From the end of August brief heavy rains accompanied by storms and thunderstorms are possible, so October is statistically the wettest month of the year. This can lead to local flooding when the torrents can not record the amounts of water and divert into the sea.
End of December into January are windless, mild weather conditions, the so-called calmes often. The summer can result in January the almond blossom, which the island in contrast to the parched landscape in summer is a completely different look.
The Serra de Tramuntana mountain range that extends from Port de Andratx to Puerto de Pollensa (Port de Pollença) and is since 2010 a World Heritage Site by UNESCO protects the island from wind and weather. The highest elevation is the Puig Major with an altitude of 1,342 m. Michael Douglas has called the Costa Nord www.costanord.es Foundation launched for the protection and preservation of the environment.